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Utilizing Contractor Team Arrangements (CTAs) under Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPAs)

The MAS Program Management Office recently received an interesting question regarding the utilization of Contractor Team Arrangements (CTAs) under Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPAs).

Depending on the size and complexity of a particular requirement, a BPA-holder*  may find that it offers some but not all of the products and/or services the ordering agency needs. CTAs can be used as a powerful tool in such cases. The BPA-holder has the option to form a CTA with another BPA-holder that offers the remaining products/services, so that they may compete for the order as a team. This is a solution that benefits BPA-holders and ordering activities alike, as it increases competition and allows for innovative, multi-vendor solutions. Therefore, BPA-holders are encouraged to utilize the flexibility offered by CTAs whenever necessary and appropriate.Infographic of how to utilize Contractor Teaming Arrangements (CTAs) and BPAs

In forming a CTA for this purpose, it is important to note that a BPA-holder cannot team with a non-BPA-holder (i.e., an FSS contractor not “awarded” under the BPA). A CTA forms a direct contractual relationship (“privity of contract”) between each CTA vendor and the ordering agency, which means that each vendor must be eligible on its own to compete for orders under the BPA. A BPA-holder attempting to “team” with a non-BPA-holder would amount to making the non-BPA-holder a direct party to a BPA it was not selected to be a part of and/or did not compete for.

For more information from GSA on BPAs and CTAs, check out gsa.gov/bpa and gsa.gov/cta.


[*]A BPA-holder is a Federal Supply Schedule (FSS) contractor with whom a Blanket Purchase Agreement has been established.  BPAs are established by customer agencies in accordance with the competitive procedures outlined in FAR 8.405-3 and are utilized to fill repetitive needs for supplies and services.  It is worth noting that though you will often hear someone refer to the “award” of a BPA, they are not contracts.  BPAs are simply agreements that have been established between the customer agency and the contractor – they are not binding.

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